Slavery and Slaves

“Whoso frees a Muslim man (from captivity), he shall be a ransom for him from Hell.” thus spoke the Prophet of Mercy(S.A.W).Here are some Ahadith.

“Whoever kills his slave, we will kill him; and whoever mutilates his slave, we will mutilate him; and whoever castrates his slave, we will castrate him (also).”(Samurah in Abū Dā’ūd;Nasā’ī;Ibn Mājah)

“He who buys a slave, and does not include (with him) his substance, he has nothing to do with it.”     (‘Abd-Allāh b. ‘Umar in Dārimī)

“Whoso shall accuse a slave, while he is clear of what he attributes to him, shall be scourged on the Day of Resurrection.”(Abū-Hurayrah in Bukhārī; Muslim; Tirmidhī; Abū Dā’ūd)

“Let none of you call out to his slave, saying, ‘My slave boy!’ or ‘My slave girl!’ nor let a slave call out to his master, saying, ‘My Lord!’ but let the master call out to the slave, saying, ‘My young man!’ or ‘My young girl!’ and let the slave call out to the master as ‘My chief!’ for, verily, ye are all slaves, and your Lord is Allah Almighty.”(Abū-Hurayrah in Bukhārī; Muslim; Abū Dā’ūd)

‘Alī separated a mother from her child (by selling them to two different parties), but the Apostle forbade that, and cancelled the sale. (‘Alī in Abū Dā’ūd)

The Apostle of Allah granted me two youths who were brothers to each other; afterwards I sold one of them.Then the Apostle of Allah said, “What hast thou done with thy young man?”  I told him what I had done with him. Whereupon the Apostle said, “Take him back, take him back.”(‘Alī in Tirmidhī)

“Your servants are your brothers and your stewards: Allah has placed them under your hands; whoso then has a brother under his hands, let him feed him out of what he eats himself, and let him clothe him out of what he clothes himself; and compel them not to do a work which will overpower them, and if ye do compel them (to any such work), then assist them in doing the same.”(Ma’rūr b. Suwayd in Bukhārī; Muslim; Tirmidhī; Abū Dā’ūd)

“When any of your servants comes to one of you with food, if he does not make him sit to dine with him, let him at least give him a mouthful or two thereof; for, verily, he has stood by its heat and its management.” (Abū-Hurayrah in Bukhārī; Tirmidhī; Abū Dā’ūd)

I was scourging my slave with a scourge, when I heard a loud voice calling from behind me, “Take care, O Abū-Mas’ūd!” but I did not recognize the voice because of the rage I was in; but when it came near to me, lo! it was the Apostle. He said, “Take care, O Abū-Mas’ūd! Take care, O Abū-Mas’ūd!” whereupon I threw the scourge out of my hand. The Apostle said, “O Abū-Mas’ud! Know that Allah has more power over thee (to punish thee) than what thou hast over this young man.” I said, “I will never again strike a slave after this, and I am going to set him free.” The Apostle said, “If thou do it not, thou will surely enter the fire (of Hell).” (Abū-Mas’ūd al-Bad’rī in Bukhārī; Muslim; Tirmidhī; Abū Dā’ūd)

Sa’ad b. Ubadah came to the Apostle, and said, “Verily, my mother is dead; would it benefit her (soul) if I set a slave free?” The Apostle said, “Yes.” (‘Abd al-Rahmān b. Abū-’Amrah al-Ansarī in Mālik)

“The best of charity is the intercession by which a neck is freed (from captivity).” (Samurah b. Jundab in Baihaqī)

“Which slave is it more meritorious to emancipate?” asked a Companion. “The slave who carries the highest value, and whom his people like,” was the Apostle’s reply.    (‘A’ishah in Mālik)

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