Khaatam-un-Nabieen – Muhammad (S.A.W)

“Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) the Messenger of Allah, and the Seal of the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things.” (Qur’aan, 33:40)

All the interpreters of the Holy Qur’aan agree on the meaning of Khatam–un–Nabieen that our Prophet (S.A.W) was the last of all prophets and none shall be exalted to the lofty position of prophethood after him. Here are a few examples:

Imam Hafiz Ibn-e-Katheer (R.A) said, “This verse is conclusive of the precept that our Prophet (S.A.W) is the last and that there shall be no Nabi (Prophet) after him. When there shall be no Nabi to follow him, the ordainment of a Rasool (Messenger) cannot arise by logic of anteriority because the status of a Rasool is more exclusive then that of a Nabi. Every Nabi is not a Rasool, but every Rasool is a Nabi (Every prophet is called a Nabi whether he was given Shariah or not; and the prophet who was given a Shariah is called a Rasool).There exists a continuous and unbroken chain of recitations of Ahadith from a large number of venerable sahabah or Companions of the Prophet (Allah be pleased with them), that there shall be no Nabi or Rasool after Muhammad (S.A.W)”. (Tafseer Ibn-e-Khateer, Vol 3, p 453)

Hujjat-ul-Islam, Imam Ghazali said, “No doubt the Ummah (all Muslims) has unanimously understood from this word (Khatam–un–Nabieen) and its circumstantial reference to mean non–existence of a Nabi or Rasool ever after Muhammad (S.A.W) and that (this word calls for) no reservation or tacit interpretation in it; hence its dissident is certainly the one who rejects the Ummah’s unanimity”. (Al–Iqtisad fil–Etiqad, p 123)

The Prophet (S.A.W) unequivocally declared that he was the final Prophet. There are a large number of Ahadith to sustain this article of Islamic faith. Not only that but the Prophet (S.A.W) was also pleased to bring forth such expositions of this word (Khatam–un–Nabieen) that all doubts relating to his finality in prophethood stand void and misinterpretations exposed. Many people having theological distinctions to their credit have stressed upon the unbroken and consecutive nature of those Ahadith, which concern finality of prophethood. Opinions of some of them are quoted below:

Hafiz Ibne–Khateer writes under the caption, “finality of prophethood”: “And on this (Finality of Prophethood) there have come from Allah’s Messenger (S.A.W) “mutawatir” (absolutely certain and numerous) Ahadith, which have by an unbroken chain of his companions (Allah be pleased with them)”.

Allama Syed Mahmood Aloosi writes in ‘Tafseer Roohul–Ma’ani’: “That he (Prophet Muhammad(S.A.W)) was the final prophet, is ordained by the Holy Qur’aan, acknowledged by the Sunnah and agreed upon by the Ummah. Hence, a claimant to the contrary will be (determined as) an unbeliever.”

To conclude, finality of prophethood is an article of faith by the Qur’aan and Mutawatir Ahadith. Some Ahadith are reproduced below:

THE LAST BRICK:

From Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him): Allah’s Messenger (S.A.W) said: “Certainly my example and the example of prophets earlier than me is like the example of a palace most elegant and most beautiful constructed by a person except (that he left in it) a blank space for a brick in one of its corners and that made the people (who were) going around it wonder (at its marvelousness) and exclaimed (in perplexion): Why not is this brick inlaid in here. The Prophet (S.A.W) said, I am that (corner’s last) brick and I am the last of the prophets.” (Sahih Bukhari, vol 1, p 501 & Sahih Muslim, vol 2, p 248)

The above Hadith is also related by Hazrat Jabir bin Abdullah (Allah be pleased with him,) and is included in Musnad Ahmad, Sahih Muslim and Jama–e–Tirmizi. Sahih Muslim’s narration ends with theses words: Said Allah’s Messenger (S.A.W) : So I am in place of this brick; I came and so I completed the chain of the prophets.

The above Hadith is also related by Hazrat Abi bin Kaab (Allah be pleased with him,) as recorded in Musnad Ahmed and Tirmizi.

“My example among the prophets has a likeness (in the sense) that a man constructed a palace most lovely and perfect and extremely elegant but left the place of one brick incomplete in it (for subsequent inlaying); then people went around the palace and wondered (on its excellence) and said, “Would that space for one brick be also filled up!” The holy Prophet (S.A.W) said, “I am in place of this brick among the prophets.” (Musnad Ahmed, vol 1, p 137 & Tirmizi, vol 2, p 201)

LINE OF PROPHETHOOD TERMINATED:

From Abu Hurairah, (Allah be pleased with him): Allah’s Messenger Muhammad (S.A.W) said: I have been bestowed with excellence over (other) prophets in six respects:

(1) I have been gifted with comprehensive words,

(2) I have been helped through awe (being put in the hearts of enemies)

(3) Spoils have been made lawful to me

(4) the whole earth turned into a mosque for me and a means of purification

(5)I have been ordained as the Prophet for all humanity, and

(6) the line of the prophets has been terminated with me. (Sahih Muslim, vol 1, p 199, Mishkat, p 512)

From Saad bin Abi Waqqas (Allah be pleased with him): said Allah’s Messenger Muhammad (S.A.W) to Hadhrat Ali (Allah be pleased with him): You have the same relation with me as Haroon had with Musa (peace be upon them) except that there shall be no prophet after me. (Sahih Bukhari vol 2, p 633)

Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) relates from Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) that the Bani Isreal were led by their own prophets, when one prophet died, another prophet took his place but there shall be no prophet after me that there shall be Caliphs and they will be many. (Sahih Bukhari, Kitab–ul–Manaqib)

In the case of our Prophet (S.A.W) even such prophets will not come, except that there shall be religious reformers of the Ummah.

Verily, Allah the Exalted will send down to this Ummah such men at the head of every century who will revive the religion for it (the Ummah). (Abu Dawood vol 2, p 233)

THIRTY LIARS IN THE UMMAH:

It is related by Hadhrat Thauban, (Allah be pleased with him) that our Prophet (S.A.W) said, “In my Ummah there shall be born thirty liars, each of them will pretend that he is a prophet but I am the last of the prophets, there shall be no prophet after me. (Abu Dawood and Tirmizi)

NO NABI, NO RASOOL AFTER ME:

From Anas bin Malik (Allah be pleased with him) Allah’s Messenger Muhammad (Sall Allaho alaihe wasallam) said: Verily, risalat and nubuwwat are terminated, so there shall be neither a Rasool nor a Nabi after me. (Tirmidhi, Kitab–ur–Roo’ya Babu Zahab–un– Nubuwwa, Musnad Ahmad, Marwiyat–Anas bin Malik)

LAST PROPHET, LAST UMMAH:

From Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him): I heard the Prophet (S.A.W) saying, “We are the last (Ummah) but will precede all on the Day of Resurrection except that the Book was given to them before us. (Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim)

From Hazrat Aisha (Allah be pleased with her): The Prophet (Sall Allaho alaihe wasallam) said I am the last Prophet and my mosque is the last mosque among the mosques of all the prophets. (Kanzul Ummal, vol 12, p 270, Hadith No 34999)

Hadhrat Ali (Allah be pleased with him) describing virtues of the Prophet (S.A.W) says: Between his shoulders was the signet of prophethood and he (Prophet Muhammad) was Khatam–un–Nabieen. (Shamail–e–Tirmizi, p 3)

Hazrat Jubair bin Mut’am (Allah be pleased with him) says: I heard the Prophet (S.A.W) saying, “Certainly there are some names for me, I am Muhammad, I am Ahmad, I am Mahi the obliterator as Allah shall blot out kufr through me and I am Hashir, the gatherer of people who shall be resurrected at my feet and I am Aaqib; the last to come as there shall be no prophet after me. (Mishkat, p 515)

CONCLUSION:

It stands proved in the above written lines that the Holy Qur’aan, unbroken chain of “Mutawatir” Ahadith, and Consensus of the Muslim Ummah vouch that Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) was the terminator of the entire chain of venerable prophets with no exception (peace be upon them). Therefore, no person after him (Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W)) can be called a prophet in any meaning or sense and nobody can fix for himself a prophetic stance by his guile or guise. Consequently, he who does so or tries to do so or if anybody believes in the prophethood of that claimant, then such a person is a cast off from the fold of Islam.

And this finality of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) is a status, which is most dignified, an honour most distinguished and an esteem most high. It is, therefore, a grave insult to the holy Prophet (S.A.W), if somebody is so insolent as to lay a claim to the line of prophethood.

By: QHA RABBANI

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